The Neuroscience of Creativity

The Neuroscience of Creativity

This little guy is a nematode worm – it’s
transparent, about 1mm in length and one of the simplest animals with a nervous system. And his name is Steve. Steve does something quite curious… he doesn’t
just follow food scents. He also explores his environment – thoroughly. As if he wants to know what else is out there. This worm shows a basic form of curiosity. And Steve does this even though he only has
383 brain cells or neurons… compared to the 86 billion neurons in your human brain. Your brain is also curious, it’s constantly
looking for the next new thing. But unlike a worm, our desire for novelty
has led us to innovate and create. Our high levels of creativity are thanks to
the unique makeup of our restless brains. So what exactly makes your brain so creative? Well, this mass of 86 billion neurons is organised
in a pretty special way. Roughly speaking, one group of neurons sense
the environment, and another group react to it. In most animal brains, there’s a hard-wired
path from the sensing neurons to acting neurons. In your human brain though, there are lots
of paths connecting the two. Way more than what we need to perform vital
tasks. So these surplus neurons form tangled networks
that generate random, spontaneous thoughts. And researchers are starting to pinpoint how
these random thoughts become creative ideas. In a 2016 study, researchers found that creativity
seems to depend on the cooperation of two competing brain networks: one that generates
spontaneous thoughts and the executive control center of the brain that governs everything
else. To produce new ideas, we start with a pool
of random, free-flowing thoughts – those worthy of further exploration are then approved
by executive control. And then, when researchers asked people to
plan an artwork, cooperation between these two networks went up. And the effect was stronger in professional
artists. Virtually all other research points to a similar
conclusion: That no one area of your brain is responsible for creative thought. Rather, many interacting processes by large-scale
brain networks work together to give birth to a great idea. And a new theory suggests these brain networks
seem to be doing three things: They bend what we see, break what we expect and finally,
they blend things with…other things. Your restless brain is full of great ideas
– just waiting to be realised. This is the first of a three part series on
creativity. Next up, can you become more creative? If we all have this amazing machinery in our
brains, why are some people more creative than others?

78 thoughts on “The Neuroscience of Creativity

  1. Yes please BrainCraft at 1AM! <3

  2. I love u my sweetheart.. ur just awesome girl

  3. Third

  4. Not first

  5. woah, those dance moves at the end tho

  6. Fantastic! More of this please

    it is funny how creativity on a physical level. A lot of random connections between a lot of different parts.
    And creativity being really random. And combining different stuff. Like different words (which would probably be in like the same region. Being regular language for example) combining them randomly as something being creative.
    But also seeing and inventing connections between 2 seemingly unrelated things.

    It is funny how the end product seemingly takes resemblance to the physical source, the randomly wired brain.

  8. Hey Vanessa, Michael here.

  9. I missed your moving paper arts

  10. Our brains truly are unbelievably complex.
    And just as astonishing!

    Oh, and before I forget about it:
    /Dancing/ c:

  11. A+ video. I loved this one. Can't wait for the others
    <-an incredibly creative girl here lol

  12. Error 404 – Nessy not found

    (yay, 404k Subscribers)

  13. I love your videos, all of them. Seriously, great channel

  14. One minute to ask, "What exactly makes your brain so creative?" and then two minutes to basically say, "Nobody really knows… a bunch of parts of your brain do things randomly and work together and then you have ideas." Neat.

  15. I love this ♥. creativity is such a beautiful mystery, can't wait for the next video.

  16. What is with the trend of youtubers suddenly ending their videos with no fade out?

  17. Lucky for us, this channel was a great idea that was realized!

  18. Dancing! 🎶

  19. Best end to video ever.♥

  20. dancing. /

  21. Can't wait for the rest, nice dancing.😉

  22. Dancing…

  23. This video is very well done. You are an amasing science communicator Nessy 🙂

  24. Hi.very good video!!can't wait for the next week!!
    And thank you for your so clear speaking in your videos…as a not native speaker of english it's a great plaisure to watch and understand your video so easly👏👏👏👏

  25. Dope

  26. I attended a great presentation on nematode brains in college, "How to make a really simple nervous system, really, really complex."

    He was looking at the hormones that influence the firing or suppression of those 383 neurons.

    It escalated quickly…
    hormones that lower the threshold voltage to fire,
    hormones that increase the threshold voltage,
    hormones that suppress other hormones (both of the above types),
    hormones that HALT nerve impulses already in progress, both at the axon and at the synapse…

    All of which somehow coordinate to allow just the 2(?) longitudinal muscles and 2(?) muscular nerves to provide all the the 3D environmental propulsion.

    If even a small portion of these varied hormones have a human equivalent, it suggests it will be impossible to fully model a human brain's function. So fascinating!

  27. Creativity is a hard concept for me to grasp. Some people can just create something amazing right after being handed a blank canvas, whereas I deeply struggle with creative works. I won't lie, smoking some bud helps me with creative writing though.

  28. There's no such thing as creativity. Humans evolve and remix thoughts and ideas, we are unable to "create" anything.

  29. Very nice video as always.. For our brains

  30. I like that green frog on your top 🙂

  31. Where did you get the pin from? 😮

  32. That series will particulary interest me. Having hights and lows in creativity, I wonder how it realy works. So, thank you very much!

  33. You're so fucking fine!

  34. 404 subscribers – broke

  35. Does every human being have the same amount of neurons?

  36. OK, maybe a little short for what we're used to, but great video, as always 🙂 Love to see your paper art back 🙂

  37. I looked over at the plug on the floor. Just lying there on it's side with it's electrical socket pins facing out across the floor. I had to look up whether "pins" was the right word to use, as it is not my everyday experience to talk about plugs and plug sockets. But, yeh, the plug. It's been lying there on it's side – same as it has been for months. I thought to myself "why was it just lying there all this time? What was it connected to?" I traced with my eyes along the lead of the plug back to an electric fan. Well that fan hasn't been used in quite a while. There it was just lying on the floor too. These still objects. They don't move unless someone moves them. They don't work unless someone plugs them in and switches them on. I'm reminded that the floor needs a clean – so I'll guess I'll have to plug in the hoover and switch that on and do some hoovering. That hoover sucks. That hoover will keep on sucking until someone switches it off. It doesn't care. How long would it make that noise and keep sucking if it was just left working? Who knows? I sure as anything aint going to find out. Maybe that was why I had the sudden interest in the electrical plug? More likely it was just because that happened to be the most comfortable direction for the gaze with my eyes. Well it is too late to hoover the floor. Maybe I'll do it tomorrow? maybe I'll just clean forget? Maybe I don't know what tomorrow will bring? Maybe I am just still in bed asleep? Yeh, that's right. I am asleep. This world can't be possibly be real.

  38. dat accent though <3

  39. I think brains are anxious to find ways of being lazier.

  40. Blend things with other things – memes.

  41. Green is not a creative color

  42. So happy I subscribed…Love you and love the dance moves, but I wonder which part of the brain (outside of the motor areas and cerebellum, and frontal.. probably it's all of the above) are most responsible for creativity in dances. Obviously both the parietal and occipital are involved in vision…but what about choreography? Is there a dance center in the brain?

  43. Your videos are so beautifully shot!

  44. Next part she tell us to dance way more. Then only friday nigth.

  45. something very fundamental is probably missing in neuroscience if a creature of 383 neurons can't be fully simulated on a computer

  46. Hopefully this can make me more creative, thank you!

  47. We are getting nematodes put in our yard in a bit lol

  48. Eh eh! Coffee is a key ingredient!

  49. Why do some people seem to get more ideas than others or are more "creative". What If anything can we do to become prolific with creativity of our ideas or solutions? What sets {in the brain} servonts apart from the rest of us in the population {who feel we have an advantage style brain}?

  50. And the nuclei constituting the default mode and executive control networks? How divisible are the insulae, beyond mere shell and core? This is all very hard to explain.

  51. I think I am sapiosexual and you made me realize just that

  52. That Kermit badge slays me

  53. Is your brother a physicist?

  54. Just want to say Vanessa's stop motion animations are wonderfully top notch! Great work, right there!

  55. well. this is handy channel about neurology and l loved it because the way the ideas are presented here are so creative too . keep going forward

  56. question to all those who make comments about the accent. i am a non native english speaker, and after being on the internet for quite some time, i have seen lots and lots of "talking styles", but there is no clear "default english" that the host would stray from so much that i would call it an accent.
    why do you point out her accent?

  57. That dancing should become a competitive sport.

  58. I'm really excited that this is a mini series!

  59. This was good and your B-roll was very creative.

  60. Why is she talking like that? 😆

  61. Can you do an episode exploring the reason why our own brains don't instinctively know how they work? This question has always perplexed me.

  62. Working at a film studio programming automatons, go home to work on other projects nightly. So… when does creativity turn into a neurosis? hahah

  63. Can curiosity be considered instinctive? Exploring one's environment could be essential for survival and/or evolution.

  64. So… using this as a template, can we program creativity into a machine?

  65. I realized along time ago that was a very creative and smart person… but this was still a good vide and I still watched it.

    Great video. Keep up the good work.

  66. I always learn so much from this channel!

  67. Your mind is soo beautiful Vanessa, also not to mention the vessel that contains it. I love how you explore curiosity!

  68. Will you relate back to the video you did on creativity about 3 years ago? I wonder if any evidence from back then is similar with the research you'll be covering now, or if it rather contrasts the notions that were held back then.

  69. love your videos 🙂 more more moar!

  70. Çok güzel videolar yapıyorsunuz fakat Türkçe altyazı koyarsanız eminim türkiyeden gelen takipçileriniz artacaktır

  71. Try this chaotic game to improve creativity, EI and Working Memory

  72. Love your presentation style – very creative!

  73. Hey We hfu c I v UK to g1eh c. rasp 6ihohohiuiguhhgv vvvvvvvvvvvvvvfccccvvv c. Cc. Vvvvcccccv. V:vvvvvvvcccccccccccc. Cc cc. Vvvvv:vvvfffffffffffffv

  74. AS me iniciale eshte temper dobet koti nga ana shkencore ne bote…bote flm.

  75. this is so interesting

  76. Can you tell your name the person who has published this video on YouTube

  77. you are fool than a worm

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