Early PCs at the National Museum of Computing

Early PCs at the National Museum of Computing

welcome once again to explaining computers calm a few videos back we looked at Colossus and some other very large early computers these were housed at the National Museum of computing at Bletchley Park United Kingdom where today we're going to return to look at some early pcs the National Museums PC gallery contains scores of early personal computers or what used to be called micro computers it's important to stress that most of these machines are not IBM compatible and their hands not technically pcs as we know them today instead most of these early personal computers run their own bespoke operating system their own dedicated applications and connected peripherals that are incompatible with most other makes of hardware the early days of personal computing really were very different from today the museum's oldest PC is this Altair 8800 be the original Altair 8800 went on sale as a kit in January 1975 and was one of the first ever personal computers the Altair 8800 B was then released in March 1976 and came with a 2 megahertz CPU two kilobytes of RAM and had no mass storage or video display programs and data could be entered by flipping the switches on the front panel to set binary values in memory with pro guy out put indicated by LEDs alternatively an interface card could be installed to allow programs to be read in from a paper tape reader or cassette recorder a teletype interface could also be added to allow direct text entry by keyboard and output via hard copy print out in October 1975 microsoft's first product was a programming language for altair computers called Altair basic first fully assembled pcs was the Apple 2 which launched in 1977 here we have a third generation Apple 2e or Apple 2 enhanced which looks pretty much the same and hails from 1983 all Apple 2 models had a 6502 processor running at about one megahertz and were equipped with between 4 and 64 kilobytes of RAM in case you're wondering an earlier Apple 1 computer was sold when Apple was first established in 1976 although this was a bare circuit board to which you had to add a keyboard case and power supply four years after the first Apple to hit the market IBM launched its first IBM PC this was technically known as a model 5150 with the initial system being equipped with a 4.7 7 megahertz a 288 CPU 16 kilobytes of RAM and supporting a display that could show 80 by 24 characters in an attempt to become the market leader IBM made its PC compatible hardware platform an open system this allowed other manufacturers to copy its technology and to sell peripherals as well as clone IBM pcs the strategy worked with most pcs today still being IBM compatible the first IBM and Apple computers ran text base command line operating systems however in 1983 Apple launched this machine the Lisa as the first mass-market computer with a graphical user interface or GUI while the laser was not a commercial success it was followed by the first Apple Macintosh in 1984 which run a GUI known as the Macintosh software system or what is now called Mac OS here when looking at a Macintosh S II which was launched in 1987 also at the Museum they have this Macintosh classic from 1990 both machines had a similar specification including an 8 megahertz 68000 CPU and one megabyte of RAM that could be expanded to 4 megabytes startup Apple back in 1977 two established American electronics manufacturers not successful personal computers the first was RadioShack while the second was Commodore here we're looking at the first Commodore pet or personal electronic trans actor which went on sale in June 1977 this had a one megahertz 6502 processor initially four kilobytes of RAM and a forty by twenty-five character text display later pet models included this second generation forty 16 from 1978 which was upgraded to 16 kilobytes of RAM note that this particular computer is branded as Commodore business machines or CBM rather than pet as it was sold in the United Kingdom following its Pet range commodore became famous for selling home computers the consumers could plug into a television these included a Vic 20 launched in 1980 and this machine the Commodore 64 which was launched in 1982 this classic home computer sold its millions and had a one megahertz 65 1o CPU 64 kilobytes of RAM and display with a resolution of 320 by 200 pixels note that the Commodore 64 did have 16-color graphics although this particular hardware is showing its age and outputting a black and white image later Commodore computers included several Amiga models such as this classic Amiga 500 from 1987 this has around a seven megahertz 68000 cpu 512 kilobytes of RAM and some of the best graphics capabilities of its period I myself was a dedicated Amiga owner and used one to produce my first CG images and my first CG animation back in the early 1980s British manufacturers Sinclair opened up the market for lower-cost home computers the first of these was a Zed X 80 which was launched in 1984 100 pounds or $200 as you can see it had a flat membrane keyboard a three point two megabyte of on-board ram little xat connected to a television to deliver a monochrome display of 32 by 22 characters a year later Sinclair Lewis's EDX 81 with the same basic specification and by August 1982 had reported sales a half a million units these included the sales of a rebranded version of it select 81 which was sold in the United States as a Timex Sinclair 1000 those wishing to upgraded headaches 81 could add a 16 kilobyte RAM pack on the back although the connection was at times problematic my own first computer was a TEDx 81 and I will look at the Machine more closely in a future video in 1982 Sinclair went color with a ZX Spectrum this again had a said 80 CPU then literally came in two models with either 16 or 48 kilobytes of RAM the display resolution was 256 by 192 pixels in eight colors unlike previous Sinclair models the keyboard was raised and made out of rubber by 1983 peripherals for the spectrum included a micro drive unit but stored data on a loop of one point nine millimeter magnetic tape and a printer which burnt black marks on two four inch wide silver thermal paper in addition early desktop PCs the National Museum of computing has a great display of early mobile hardware these machines include this Macintosh powerbot 170 from 1991 and mr. Shiva 5 200 from the same year this early notebook computer is a numeric keypad version of the Toshiba Thrive 100 but I looked at some time ago in one of my classic PC videos also on display in the museum on this shop pocket computer that could be cased with its own printer and the classic British personal organizers the Scion 3 as well as its later cousin the Scion 5 however my favorite mobile computer in the collection is the Osborne one released in 1981 this came with a 4 megahertz at 80 CPU 64 kilobytes of RAM jul 5 and a quarter inch floppy drives and a 5 inch CRT monitor with a 52 by 24 character text display the machine required mains power and at 24 point five pounds or 11 kilograms was often described as luggable rather than portable back in 1981 a store near my school had a nas born one its window for some time and I often wondered who bought it where they carried it to on what they did with it's amazing portable computing power some of you the hardware featured in this video will be ancient history and yet for others I suspect it will trigger powerful memories of your own participation in early personal computing if you do have such recollections please let us all know about them down in the comments section but now that it's for another video thanks greatly to the National Museum of computing for letting me in to film all that early pcs if you've enjoyed this video please press that the like button if you haven't subscribed please subscribe and I hope to talk to you again very soon you

44 thoughts on “Early PCs at the National Museum of Computing

  1. I have collected the Altar 8800, Timex, Commodore Pet with the small keyboard, the Vic 20, the 64, the Amiga 500, the Apple ][, Lisa, Mac, and many other old computers! I think they breed in my basement!!!!!!!!!

  2. I was employed by a well-known consultancy in 1986, and was asked to review the original Apple Macintosh computer — that one had 128K of RAM and a 400K 3.5" "hard" floppy-disk. My report included the paragraph which said "The Macintosh screen is too small. There is insufficient memory to support other than the rudimentary applications it's provided with. There is no disk storage worth speaking about, and no self-respecting typist would ever use a mouse. Therefore I see no future for the Macintosh in [ABC's] office system strategy". In early 1987, I pasted that paragraph (physically!) into my report, advising the partners to install a Macintosh network! I have been an Apple addict ever since! John McEneaney

  3. Even though the Amiga 500 was the more popular Amiga, I thought it a bit remiss that no mention was made of the 1000, the first Amiga, which I owned. As for other early micros, I owned a Timex/Sinclair 1000, then a VIC-20, then a C=64, then an Amiga, as mentioned, and finally landed in the PC clone realm. After a couple of pre-built systems I started rolling my own and have done so ever since. Well, until last year when I got a good deal on an Intel NUC, which I really like; could use more USB ports though.

  4. LOL! My first PC was a Clone, IIRC, 4mb of ram, 256 mb HDD. And those 5 1/4" floppy discs! Wow

  5. That PET is not from 1977. They started selling in 77 but I can tell by the cassette drive and case badge, that one was made in early 1978.
    Also, I'm pretty sure the 4016 did not come out until '79

  6. Very well presented. Good content. Brings back memories

  7. Blimey, does this invoke some great memories! My best mate had a ZX81 and I begged Santa for a ZX81 in 1983. My parents scrimped and saved and, unbeknownst to me with my brother's agreement, bought me and my brother jointly a 16k ZX Spectrum that Christmas. When I opened it, I burst into tears – firstly, because I never expected to receive such an amazing gift, but also secondly because my brother (who at the time we did not get on well with at all) agreed to to it. Without exaggeration, it completely changed my life.

  8. Playing Sherlock Holmes on the Commodore 64k, it often took three or four attempts to load it from an audio cassette drive at fifteen minutes a try … and I can clearly recall the colours flashing on the TV as it loaded. I never completed the game as I was always stabbed in the back by some unknown assassin and then there was the 'Never Ending Story' … which almost completing gave-up when 'the nothing' had me one last time only inches from success! :O

  9. Thanks for the video! The first computer I put my hands on was the Commodore 64, around 1984. Then, by 1991 I began to learn DBase III, RPG II, and COBOL with an IBM 5150 and a 5170. I also began to use AutoCAD 10 in an HP Vectra 286 by the same time; I used to program in LISP my own extensions according to my needs. One or two years later I began to use a Unix workstation, a Sun Sparc. Around 1997 I began to utilize Macintosh, but I miss those old computers and keyboards now hardly available. Today's computers feel so cheap.

  10. Seeing the oric 1 has a strong effect on me! On the same level as an evocative scent. The time I spent with that as a kid. I'm getting emotional

  11. thanks for your trip down memory lane, memory sizes in KB.

    You forgot British Amstrad in the Z80 product family running CP/M. I had a color 6128 (128 KB Ram, floppies & tape)

  12. My first go on a computer was at High School, 1981 and being the chess club guy I needed to play the Apple 2. I booked it for a lunch date, set the predictive moves to far too many and left at the end of lunch with the machine still pondering its first move. I took it as a human v computer success.

    To be honest, those machines scared the heck out of me; I was sure I'd dodged a bullet… but my next meeting was in 1997 when a youngster on the job got a computer, I so bought myself my very first Windows 95 IBM Aptiva setup (the company refused to buy one for me) including all the essential peripherals it cost me $4,500 NZ. It was love at first sight.

    Thanks for the memories, I am a recent subscriber and am looking back through your videos. My son recently found my second Aptiva, and finds it all very quaint. Somehow I became an historical artifact.

  13. Oh MAN. My very first computer was a TI-99/4A with many peripherals including the expansion box that my parents bought when I was around nine years old in the very early eighties. It was meant to be a "family" computer, although I became the main user. I have been in "computers" ever since. I became a software engineer and eventually led to electronics engineering as well. Oh, the memories of the beginning of my future. I wish you had video of that old unit! I even wrote code for the McDonnell Douglas TI Users Group before I was twelve!

  14. Something against Mr Sugar ? Where's the Amstrad line up? Their CPC series was extremely popular and didn't get a mention.

  15. We had Commodore 64 computers at my elementary school in Idaho, and it was a special privilege we had to earn. Later my uncle bought us a Texas Instruments TI-994A. I have many fond memories of playing games and watching my dad write endless streams of code using TI Basic. I currently still use a Brother Power Note from 1996, which has a Z80 processor.

  16. It is astounding what we managed to achieve with so little in the way of resources. Much of this stuff is less powerful than microcontollers you can buy for a couple of quid these days.

    Although not a microcomputer, I remember programming Basic on a VAX in 1993. I asked the system admin, and he gave me 1M of storage space. The monitors were orange-on-black. It all worked, and seemed fast enough for my requirements. I can't remember what editor I used. It must have been supplied with the OS. It wasn't ed or vi, for example.

    The guy across from me had Windows. It ran WordPerfect or Wordstar from the command-line. I can't remember which. There was a big fuss because the facility was upgrading the word processors to work with Windows. Everybody seemed to hate it, though, as it frequently crashed.

  17. Lots of memories, there. I got into personal computing in 1975 when I helped assemble one of the first microcomputers in Canada, an Altair 8800 at McGill University in Montreal. In early 1977, I bought a Kim-1 6502 microcomputer while I was in grad school, and later that year I built a Polymorphics Poly-88 as a kit. With its 5-slot S-100 bus, that computer saw many changes over the next five years. In 1978, I added a floppy disk control card, and purchased a Siemens 8" floppy drive and a CP/M operating system at a computer show in Philadelphia, where I had the opportunity to met Bill Gates, Paul Allen, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozinak, Adam Osborne, and Gary Kildall as they were selling their wares from their little booths. In 1980, I purchased a Northstar disk sub-system with a 5.25" 160KB floppy drive, which I later upgraded to two 720 KB half-height drives. In 1981, I upgraded the CPU from the 2MHz 8080 Polymorphics card to a 4MHz Z-80 Godbout Z80 card, and I added a Godbout RAM card on which I put 48k static RAM, upgrading the system memory to 56k. I also acquired the WordStar word processor that year, on which I wrote my PhD dissertation. In 1982 I got an Epson dot matrix printer, and in 1983 I submitted the first dissertation printed on a dot matrix printer (in hi-quality mode, of course) at Bowling Green State University. That little orange Poly-88 case saw a lot of action up until the time I retired it in 1985, when I bought a generic IBM-PC clone. I still have the Poly-88, restored to its original components, including the rare Poly-phase cassette interface, sitting in a box in my garage. I also have the original Kim-1, in all of it's 2KB memory glory, that I keep on my office desk next to a Raspberry P1 3B, so I can show my students how far single-board control computers have come in 40 years. No doubt about it. Over the years I have become a certified personal computer junkie, building at least 25 computers to date. Last year, I built a 64GB AMD Threadripper 1950x system that I have overclocked to 4.2GHz using a GeForce 980 TI for graphics. My current project is a 32GB Intel Z390 i9 9900K system with a GeForce 2080 TI graphics card that will replace an i7 Skylark 7600K system currently serving as my office desk computer. It really is hard to believe how far this technology has come in 40 short years!

  18. Wow I had a VIC20 my 1st of then a C64 also I think a had ZX spectrum + were it had plastic keys….. I remember got one my mum's nerves back in 83 as we we went on a Christmas shopping trip in Leeds I took around every big named electric stores to look at computers and drwelled over them was a late night as I remember…

    Thanks Chris for sharing your video with us brought back memories as u can tell 😂😁

  19. I jumped in with an Atari 800 in about 1980-81, with the then-unheard of 48K of RAM,, and color graphics. But no storage other than audio tape. When 5-¼” floppy drives appeared, personal computer enthusiasts wept for joy. I later had a really quite capable Atari 1040st, with a whole MEGABYTE of RAM and a newfangled 3-½” drive. Our next machine was a Mac Iivx, which actually had a hard drive, and a CD-ROM player. The Dawn of personal computing.

  20. My first computer was a Sinclair QL, which I ended up taking apart and mounting in a tower case with 2 floppy discs, a cd writer, a hard disc abd extra memory through 3rd party extension boards.
    I also had ab Atari STE and an Atari Stacy portable which I mainly used for music

  21. So many memories. My first experience was a ZX81, and playing a game called, I think, Venom. From there, I got a Spectrum, then a Spectrum +, followed by an Amiga 500, then an Amiga 1200 (which went on to be heavily expanded with a gfx card, 68060 processor etc.). Meanwhile, since I worked for Government, I was handed a Psion 3. Now, most computers are generic. Sure, people put them in brightly lit cases with LED displays, and processors vary in power, but in the end, they are all much the same. The golden age has been and gone 🙁

  22. My first one was the Timex/Sinclair 1000 with the 16KB expansion. I was amazed at what a few simple lines of code could do, really started my attraction the computers.

  23. I was born in 1967 and my first memory of a computer was at my brother's friend! It was in 1980! And he own a Sinclair Z80. The white one in this video. From that point I was sold! And I buyed my first computer a few years later! A Texas TI-99. But I had made programs for a long time at school. And I was good at programing computers back then. Both in the Assembly language and in Basic progreming. And when I was 16 years old (1983) I get my first work. As a teacher in my old school as programer teacher for the 13 years old students. I still own my old computers and like them all! Some more and some less! But the small one is more like the favorite. Program calculaters are my most favorite. Like the Casio pb-1000.
    Thx for the video of old computer times! 😊

  24. I actually have a functioning (and somewhat upgraded) Toshiba T5200 sitting next to me as I'm watching this video. 🙂

  25. Ahh the zx spectrum …. you want to play a game …. well, program it in first!! sadly met it's end when I fell out of the top bunk-bed and landed on it!

  26. Clive Sinclair. The man who brought you Jet-Set [email protected]&£ing willy!

  27. Best xmas present my mom ever got for me was a VIC20 back in 82 I think it was. By doing so she set the spark that has helped me get to where I'm at today. Also two years of typing classes in high school and an Apple ][e (w/dual floppy drives!) that my step father used in tax season further launched my computer skills. Great video & trip down nostalgic lane!

  28. I still have a 1983 Radio Shack TRS-80, model 4P, (P means Portable, actually luggable at 26lb. I also have all the instruction books, 8" floppy discs and Huge/heavy banner paper printer.

  29. Memory lane indeed – does anybody else remember the Powertran PSI COMP80? It was a kit computer, maybe 1978 in a nice metal case but very primitive. It came with a form of Reverse Polish Basic. Loads of soldering, the RAM came as 1k by 1 bit ICs. Program storage was by means of audio tones on audio cassette tape and the video display was just mapped from a part of the main memory. My best program was written down in Z80 assembly language on a piece of paper and translated into perhaps 1k of hexadecimal by hand and typed in. It was 'space invaders' of a sort, and if you failed to stop any of the falling bombs, they would continue falling down through the memory map to eventually wreak havoc in the program code itself. Never mind.

  30. My first computer was the Atari 800XL. I used to type in Atari Basic programs from computer magazines. My first experience on line was on Compuserve using Atari's 300 baud modem. I did the bookkeeping and newsletter for my family's book store on that Atari for 5 years!

  31. I think the AtariXT it's worth a mention. It was the first computer that came out with midi ports. As a young musician I started using this feature to make electronic music. It also meant that I could do multitrack recording with midi synths using Steinburg Pro 24 software (a multitrack midi recorder for Atari) and the Steinburg SMPTE adapter which connected to a serial port on the computer. It encoded a signal on one track of a multi track audio recorder which could then be used to sync to the computer, connected via the midi ports to other midi synthesisers and drum machines.

  32. In reference to the IBM PC "clones", they were NOT in IBM's plan. They never intended for there to be compatible core CPU hardware. They way it was cloned is the IBM ROM was reverse engineered and the operations were written down in a flow chart manner describing the the software functions in detail, then given to a programmer that had NOT accessed the code that was in IBM's ROM. The programmer then wrote the (MS-DOS) from this description. This allowed them to "clone" the software without actually "copying it" I think this was first used in the Compaq computers and the clone included the "Phoenix bias" ROM. Shortly the many clones came pouring out from third party manufacturers. PCs Unlimited later became Dell. Acer and others.

  33. I still own a working TI-99/4A. Would you mind doing a video about the Texas Instruments computer line?

  34. Diversity was a thing, for instance the Jupiter Ace that ran FORTH. But back then there was no knowing which would be survivors and which would be gone in the blink of an eye. Remember when bubble memory was going to be big? Or INMOS transputers? Screens with light pens? Interfaces that were driven by function keys? Here there are just the ancestors of the survivors, not the whole gamut of what was out there.

  35. Compukit UK 101. In the early 70's I was busy designing and making 'monitors' for multi-stage strip metal presses that stopped the machines if a part failed to be ejected during its cycle – hopefully before the punch and die section smashed due to two thicknesses of material being where there should be only one. The monitors used TTL logic chips and I made my own printed circuits. My assistant in our little electronics lab purchased a self-build computer, but failed to get it to work, so asked me to help. I was able to get it running, and was so impressed with it that at the weekend I rushed over to CompShop Ltd in New Barnet – in the UK – and got a kit for myself.
    This was the Compukit UK 101 ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Compukit_UK101 ), supplied as a single printed circuit board upon which one soldered all the components, including keys for the keyboard, only the mains transformer was separate. I got home at about 2 p.m., and by 7 p.m. I had the machine up and running – using our TV as a display. The only error I made during assembly was to use a wide tolerance 0.1 uF mica capacitor in the tuned circuit producing the 150/90 c/s tones for the cassette recorder, so was temporarily unable to store the programs I painstakingly typed in from Practical Electronics.
    I loved that machine, and spent many hours entering BASIC programs, which got larger when I increased the RAM from 8 to 16K. I even got into machine code, mostly without an Assembler, so had to calculate all my jumps and locations manually when entering the 6502 op codes. As an exercise, I wrote a machine code version of a game called 'rhino', where the pi character chased the heart character through a 'forest' – which resembled a blank crossword layout. Eventually I got it to work correctly – after annoying my wife by sometimes carrying on coding until 4 a.m. – but had to include lots of delay loops to slow it down to work like the BASIC version.
    I also considerably improved a BASIC program for running Race Nights (where people bet on filmed horse races,) by getting the TOTE part to display 'real' betting odds – like 100 to 30 – instead of 3.333 to 1, and used this for some years at events for Round Table, Rotary and the Scouts. In the early days, the only way of enabling all those present to see the display was by the use of TVs. Humping heavy old CRT sets about, running co-ax cables from an amplifier-splitter, and getting mains connections to six or more TVs certainly was a lot of work at the start of the evening, but besides regularly updating the bets, I also had to keep visiting the TVs to adjust them as they and my computer warmed up and went off tune. Luckily we didn't have many people tripping over cables in those days before 'Elf & Safety. I still use an updated version of this program ( http://www.donjohnson24.co.uk/racenite.html ) – which has previously been coded in several different languages – most recently raising funds for our church in the village hall. Using an overhead projector makes life much simpler..
    I included various upgrades in the UK101 over the years, but as I am 78 now I can't remember much about them. It proved to be a turning point in my life however, as it triggered me into a second string in my career, which was to get involved with programming my company's punch card system Burroughs computer ( 2K hard disk!). That later led on to designing and programming replacement unix systems in COBOL and later Informix, for running the scheduling, costing, and financial systems for the company for which I became IT Director.
    Thank you for the invitation to write about my own early computer, and also for your very informative videos.

  36. I remember many of these units. I became interested in computers at 7 years old. Cleaning out my grandmothers garage, I found a manual on the Univac 7. Might have been a later model. In any case, I found it fascinating. The science behind computers is what interests me. The "Nitty Gritty".

  37. Wow, this takes me back. I was still in law school when I first saw an Altair 8800. The owner was a fellow student. He built it from a kit and had a paper tape reader. While it was intriguing, I wasn't ready After law school, I scraped together enough money to buy a TRS-80 Model I (integer basic and 4K of RAM. I learned BASIC and wrote some programs. eventually upgraded to 16k and Level II BASIC, order an expansion interface and placed an order for a floppy drive.

    As fate would have it, I moved to San Diego. While studying for the Ca.bar exam I took a job with the R.S. Computer Center. Those were heady days in an area populated with some really skilled programmers. On a daily basis, they would come in to show off their stuff.

    At the same time, I bought my first modem (a Novation 300 baud acoustic modem.) For those who don't know, you would seat a phone handset into rubber cups (after first dialing the number of the remote computer and wait for the carrier). There were a few bbs systems in the area.

    I had some close friends at U.C.S.D. who had access to Arpanet, and if I was lucky, they'd give me an access number. (these numbers were changed very frequently …sometimes a couple of times a week. There were only a few non-password protected systems on the net including MIT's AI system.

    This going getting a bit too long, so I'll end it by saying that this was a very exciting time for me. I met some really smart people who went on to become important figures in the PC revolution. As for me, I had to focus on my law career. While the law provided me with a good income, I sometimes wonder how things would have turned out had I pursued my interests in the computer business. It's not that I lost interest in computers. I have had the good fortune to watch the evolution of the scene. I was a sysop of several BBS (including a FIDONET node).

  38. what about the "trash 80".. trs 80 by tandy.. it was my first computer.. I wrote inventory programs a few games and other ditties.. I do not have it any more but i do have my old toshiba lap top someplace..

  39. What a fantastic museum. My path was my own Zx81 then we were the first family in Ireland to own an apple IIe cos Apple had opened its new factory in cork and our family (actually my dad) won it on a TV competition, actually on the Late Late show which is a current affairs talk show in Ireland. That lasted til I got a C64 and then an Amiga 500 followed by the 1200, then my first PC and then numerous self built dinosaurs until maybe 10 years ago when I stopped building my own and built off the shelf and just upgraded. So when I buy a machine I'm really only interested in the motherboard and upgrade path.

    So now my home, as my wife will explain, is where old technology goes to die.

  40. I learnt Basic programming on a Vic 20. Later I bought a Commodore 128 and later a color screen instead of the monochrome screen for more than $600!

  41. Commodore PET, Vic 20 and my very first own ZX Spectrum were my first encounters with computers. The 80's were an incredible time to be computer enthusiast. Thanks for this great journey through memory lane.

  42. That printer with the Spectrum produced silver printouts witch were just the right size to fit in a cassette case.

  43. i remember seen that sinclair color computer in a magazine on a news stand, back in rio back in the 80s.

  44. Brilliant videos, had a c64 that was well past it when I had it, then went to a dell pentuim 2 now to a a Intel I 5, amazing how things have moved on love to see another one of these type of videos in ten years.

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