creative project family what is the family mean？ The US Census defines a “family” as a group of two or more people related by birth, marriage, or adoption who live together. but The family can also refer to extended family members like your aunts, uncles, cousins or grandparents. Maybe also include your close friend. Sociologists contend that the family is socially constructed, the family is changed over time and across culture Family patterns change over time Colonial period During colonial times, marriage served three main purposes: Fulfilling a Christian moral duty procreation and combining of resources In that era, the personal choice was not so important. Marriage was not just free love. Marriage was more like a duty that must be fulfilled. Marriage is a tool for integrating resources. The rich want to use their children’s marriage to strengthen their economy. The poorer families also want to use marriage to increase their money. In the colonial period, children were seen as an asset. Because the family is considered an economic production unit during the immigration period, the family must plant to trade the items they need, so most families are farming during the immigration period, and children are one of the labour force. Since the Puritans believed that the child was born with “original sin”, the relationship between the parents and the children was not close, and the children often began to participate in the work from the age of six. By the way, Women were also deemed as property during colonial times and had little to no rights upon marriage. Industrial period In the industrial era, as the factory replaced the farm, people gradually moved to the city centre to work, and the family’s pattern changed People pay more attention to personal choices, and they tend to choose their own partners. In the industrial age, the ideals of housewives who support their families were consolidated. People expect men to work in factories, and homes become women’s homes. For the first time in American history, people expect men and women to work in different fields. During the industrial period, the size of the family has gradually decreased from an average of seven children per family to three children, because with the above-mentioned medical level, people do not have to worry about the survival rate of children, on the other hand, children do not need farming, but will increase expenditure, so people don’t want too many children. With the development of the industrial period, a warmer relationship has been established between parents and children. Modernity (1900–1964) During the period, the United States was full of social and political turmoil. Most of the time was plagued by war. The First World War lasted from 1914 to 1917, and the Second World War lasted from 1939 to 1945. The economy is growing， but then collapsed in “Black Thursday” in 1929. The United States will enter the Great Depression of the next decade. The pattern of the family has gradually changed, women have begun to work outside the home, 21st century In the twenty-first century, marriage has become equal. Women no longer take the family as their top priority. They have their own professions and also increase income for the family. In terms of children, having two children has become the norm. Because parents need to take responsibility for raising children, and both parents have jobs, most parents will only choose one or two children, or not. The structure of the family changes with the development of society. Thanks for watching this video.